2020 Ohio Education
by the Numbers

2018 Ohio Education by the Numbers - Photo of student at chalkboard

The Thomas B. Fordham Institute is pleased to present the fourth edition of Ohio Education By The Numbers. This website provides an impartial, fact-based overview of K-12 education in the Buckeye State. We hope these data will help to inform conversations about improving education throughout the state. If you have ideas on how this could be improved and made more useful to you, write to us at ohiogadfly@edexcellence.net.

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Student
Enrollment
Student Enrollment - Photo of students in classroom setting

Ohio Public School Students Ohio has nearly 1.7 million public school students of varying backgrounds and characteristics.

Ohio student characteristics table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: Public school enrollment statistics include charter school students, but do not include voucher students, pupils attending non-public schools, or home schooled students.

Public School Enrollment by Grade Level Ohio has approximately 125,000 public school students per grade level.

Ohio students grade level table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19).

Ohio students public school enrollment by race or ethnicity chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2018-19). The chart displays the spring part of the school year, a convention often used in this guide. Note: The percentages refer to the percent change from 2006 to 2019.

Public School Enrollment Trends Since 2005-06, public school enrollment has increased among Hispanic, multiracial, and Asian/Pacific Islander students; enrollment has declined slightly for American Indian/Alaskan Native students.

Ohio students public school enrollment trend by selected characteristics chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2018-19). Note: The percentages refer to the percent changes from 2006 to 2019.

Public School Enrollment Trend by Selected Characteristics Since 2005-06, English language learner enrollment has nearly doubled; students with disabilities has remained largely flat, and pupils identified as gifted has declined.

Ohio students public school enrollment by selected characteristics chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2018-19). Note: The percentages refer to the percent changes from 2006 to 2019.

Low Income Students The percentage of economically disadvantaged (ED) students has increased significantly since 2005-06; however, the percentage of children under age eighteen living in poverty has not increased at the same rate.

Ohio Students poverty and economic disadvantage chart

Sources: Economically disadvantaged (ED) data are from Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2005-06 to 2018-19); childhood poverty data are from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count Data Center and based on U.S. Census poverty estimates (data are not yet available for 2018 and 2019). Notes: Students are generally identified as ED via federal meal programs, open to pupils from households with incomes at or below 185% of federal poverty. Through a recently enacted program known as the Community Eligibility Provision, a certain number of students are deemed ED even though they come from households above 185% poverty. In contrast, children in poverty are from households at or below 100% federal poverty; they also include some non-school-aged children.

Ohio School Districts and Typologies For analytic purposes, ODE categorizes districts into “typologies” based on their geographic and socio-economic characteristics. This publication displays various statistics by typology to illustrate different patterns of pupil enrollment and achievement across the state.

Ohio student school districts and typologies map

Source: Ohio Department of Education, School District Typology. Note: This map displays the border of each district and its corresponding typology.

Public School Students by Typology 62 percent of Ohio students reside in urban and suburban communities; 15 percent live in rural areas and another 21 percent live in small towns.

Ohio students public school by typology table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19) and District Typologies. Note: Public charter schools and their students are assigned to the typology of the district in which the school is located. E-schools are not included in a typology, since they enroll students from all areas of the state. Seven independent public STEM schools are included in the enrollment data but are not in the district or charter counts. Two small “island” districts are not included nor is one district that crosses the Ohio-Indiana border.

Public School Students in Urban Areas Students living in urban areas come from a mix of racial and ethnic backgrounds, and more than eight in ten are identified as economically disadvantaged.

Ohio students characteristics in urban areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the urban typologies (i.e., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty).

Public School Students in Suburban Areas Students from suburban areas are majority white, with modest racial and ethnic diversity. About one in four suburban students is economically disadvantaged, the lowest percentage across Ohio's typologies.

Ohio students characteristics in suburban areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the suburban typologies (i.e., suburban: low student poverty and very low student poverty).

Public School Students in Small Town Areas The large majority of students from small towns are white and nearly half are economically disadvantaged.

Ohio students characteristics in small town areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the small town typologies (i.e., small town: high poverty and small town: low poverty).

Public School Students in Rural Areas Students from rural areas are almost all white and just under half are identified as economically disadvantaged.

Ohio students characteristics in rural areas table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: This table combines districts and charters in both of the rural typologies (i.e., rural: average poverty and rural: high poverty).

Ohio's Twenty-Five Largest Districts by Enrollment (2018-19)

Ohio's twenty-five largest school districts by enrollment 2017 - 2018

Note: Ohio Virtual Academy, a statewide e-school, is considered equivalent to a school district. This table does not include charter students as part of the district's student population. Year-to-year changes of less than +/- 1 percent are considered to have had no substantive change in enrollment (marked as “--“).

School
Options
School Options - Photo students in classroom

Enrollment by Educational Model A large majority of Ohio students attend traditional public school districts. Approximately 200,000 students attend non-public schools or participate in home schooling.

Ohio School Options enrollment by educational model table

Sources: Data on public schools are for SY 2018-19 and from the Ohio Department of Education (ODE), Advanced Reports. on chartered non-public schools are for SY 2017-18 and from ODE, Enrollment Data. Data on non-chartered, non-tax-supported schools are for SY 2019-20 and from ODE, Non-Chartered Non-Tax School Information. Data on homeschooling are for SY 2017-18 and from ODE, Home Schooling.

Public Charter Schools Ohio has about 320 charter schools—also known as “community schools”— serving roughly 105,000 students. Enrollment has increased over time, though declined in recent years.

Ohio School Options public charter schools table
 
Ohio School Options public charter schools chart

Sources: The 2018-19 statistics reported in the table are from Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports. Historical data are from Ohio Department of Education, Community School Annual Report: 2015-16 (SY 1998-99 to 2006-07) and Community School Annual Report: 2017-18 (SY 2007-08 to 2017-18). Note: "Dropout recovery" charters are specially designated schools serving students at-risk of dropping out.

Characteristics of Charter Students More than 80 percent of charter students are economically disadvantaged, and a majority are black or Hispanic. Of students attending brick-and-mortar charters, more than 90 percent are from urban areas.

Ohio schools characteristics of charter students table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: All statistics in this table, except for the district typology data, include online charter schools. Online charters draw students from all areas of the state, so they are not assigned to district typologies.

Interdistrict Open Enrollment Four in five Ohio districts participate in interdistrict open enrollment. Over 80,000 students open enroll, with increasing participation over time.

Ohio school options interdistrict open enrollment chart

Source: Two sources were used for this chart, based on the availability of data. For SY 2002-03 to 2012-13, data from the Ohio Auditor of State, Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Open Enrollment is used (citing ODE data). For SY 2012-13 to 2018-19, enrollment counts from school funding reports are used; see, Ohio Department of Education, Traditional Public Schools Funding. For a listing of districts that allow open enrollment, see Ohio Department of Education, Open Enrollment.

Private School Scholarships Just over 50,000 students use scholarships (often referred to as vouchers) to attend non-public schools. Student participation has increased over time.

Ohio private school scholarships table
 
Ohio private school scholarships chart

Source: Data are from American Federation for Children, School Choice Yearbook (2019). Note: The chart displays the total number of students using the various scholarship programs. For more information on each scholarship program, see Ohio Department of Education, Scholarships.

Student Achievement:
National Exams
Student Achievement National Exams - Photo of teacher and students in classroom setting

National Exams: NAEP 2019 Approximately two in five Ohio students reach the national standard for proficiency, just above the national average.

Ohio student achievement national exams NAEP 2019 chart

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer. Note: The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), considered the “Nation's Report Card,” is administered to a representative sample of students in each state every two years. The exams are given in fourth and eighth grade, reading and math. NAEP allows for cross-state comparisons which are not usually possible with state-administered exams.

Ohio Compared to Other States Nationally, Ohio ranks between 10th and 21st in fourth and eighth grade math and reading. Ohio's national position has typically been between 10th and 20th for the past decade.

Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compared to other states table

Source: 2019 National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer. Note: The table displays Ohio's rank on NAEP scores among all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense schools (52 jurisdictions in all).

National Exams: How Ohio Compares to Nearby States When compared to nearby states, Ohio ranks 4th out of 10 in fourth grade reading proficiency and 6th in fourth grade math proficiency.

Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to nearby states fourth grade reading chart
 
Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to nearby states fourth grade math chart

Source: 2019 National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer.

National Exams: How Ohio Compares to Nearby States When compared to nearby states, Ohio ranks 2nd out of 10 in eighth grade reading proficiency and 4th in eighth grade math proficiency.

Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to nearby states eighth grade reading chart
 
Ohio student achievement national exams how Ohio compares to nearby states eighth grade math chart

Source: 2019 National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer.

Ohio's NAEP Scores over Time: Fourth Grade Ohio's fourth-grade NAEP reading scores have been generally flat over the past decade, in line with national trends. Fourth grade math scores have slightly increased over this period.

Ohio student achievement national exams Ohio's NAEP scores over time fourth grade reading/math charts
 
Ohio student achievement national exams Ohio's NAEP scores over time fourth grade math chart

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer. Note: The NAEP trend charts display scaled scores. Scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference.

Ohio's NAEP Scores over Time: Eighth Grade Ohio's eighth grade reading scores have been flat in reading but have risen slightly in math over the past decade.

Ohio student achievement national exams Ohio's NAEP scores over time eighth grade reading chart
 
Ohio student achievement national exams Ohio's NAEP scores over time eighth grade math chart

Source: National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer. Note: The NAEP trend charts display scaled scores. Scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference.

National Exams: Achievement by Race/Ethnicity Compared to their national peers, Ohio's white students achieve at slightly lower levels on fourth-grade exams; Hispanic students at slightly higher levels in reading but lower in math; black students at lower levels in both subjects.

Ohio 4th grade students reading NAEP by race/ethnicity chart
 
Ohio 4th grade students math NAEP by race/ethnicity chart

Source: 2019 National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer. Note: NAEP scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference. Smaller race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes.

National Exams: Achievement by Race/Ethnicity Compared to national peers, Ohio's white students achieve at slightly higher levels in both subjects in eighth grade; Hispanic students at significantly higher levels in both subjects; and black students at slightly lower levels.

Ohio 8th grade students reading NAEP by race/ethnicity chart
 
Ohio 8th grade students math NAEP by race/ethnicity chart

Source: 2019 National Assessment of Educational Progress: Data Explorer. Note: NAEP scores are reported on a scale of 0 and 500, with the score needed to reach proficient displayed for reference. Smaller race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes..

Student Achievement:
State Exams
Student Achievement State Exams - Photo of students in classroom setting

Statewide Achievement in Selected Grades and Subjects 63 and 74 percent of Ohio fourth grade students reach proficient or above on state English language arts (ELA) and math exams, respectively. A higher percentage of students are deemed proficient under state standards than NAEP.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement fourth grade reading/math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: Percentages may not add due to a small number of untested students and rounding.

Statewide Achievement in Selected Grades and Subjects 58 and 57 percent of Ohio eighth grade students reach proficient or above on state English language arts (ELA) and math exams, respectively.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement eighth grade reading/math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: Percentages may not add due to a small number of untested students and rounding. Approximately 80% of eighth graders take the grade-level math assessment, while others take high school end-of-course math exams that better align with coursework.

Statewide Achievement by Race or Ethnic Subgroup On average, black and Hispanic students achieve at lower levels than their white peers on fourth grade state exams.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement by racial or ethnic subgroup fourth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: Other race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes. Asian/Pacific Islander students achieve, on average, at higher levels than white students; multi-racial students achieve at levels between white and Hispanic students.

Statewide Achievement by Race or Ethnic Subgroup On average, black and Hispanic students achieve at lower levels than their white peers on eighth grade state exams.

Ohio student achievement state exams statewide achievement by racial or ethnic subgroup eighth grade chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: Other race/ethnic subgroups are omitted for display purposes. Asian/Pacific Islander students achieve, on average, at higher levels than white students; multi-racial students achieve at levels between white and Hispanic students.

Student Achievement by Economic Disadvantage On average, economically disadvantaged students achieve at lower levels than their peers on fourth and eighth grade state exams.

Ohio student achievement by economic disadvantage fourth and eighth grade proficient or above chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: For more on the identification of economically disadvantaged students, see section Low Income Students.

Achievement Gaps Versus Prior Years Achievement gaps on fourth grade exams have generally narrowed since 2015-16. In eighth grade, the black-white and low-high income achievement gaps have slightly widened relative to 2015-16, while Hispanic-white gaps have narrowed in math.

Ohio student achievement gaps versus prior years table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2015-16 to 2018-19). Note: This table displays the difference in proficiency rates between, e.g., black and white students. "Low-high income gap" refers to the difference in proficiency rates between economically disadvantaged students and those who are not so identified.

Student Achievement by District Typology Fourth grade proficiency rates are highest in Ohio's suburban areas and lowest in urban areas.

Ohio student achievement by district typology fourth grade ELA chart
 
Ohio student achievement by district typology fourth grade  Math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: These charts combine data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students tested in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Student Achievement by District Typology Eighth grade proficiency rates are highest in Ohio's suburban areas and lowest in urban areas.

Ohio student achievement by district typology eighth grade ELA and Math chart
 
Ohio student achievement by district typology eighth grade ELA and Math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, Advanced Reports (SY 2018-19). Note: These charts combine data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students tested in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Proficiency Trends in Fourth and Eighth Grade Proficiency rates on state ELA and math exams have mostly increased in fourth and eighth grade.

Ohio students proficiency trends in fourth grade ELA and Math chart
 
Ohio students proficiency trends in eighth grade ELA and Math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, State Report Card (SY 2018-19).

Proficiency Trends on Selected High School Exams Proficiency rates have generally increased on state end-of-course (EOC) English exams; trends on math EOCs are more mixed.

Ohio students proficiency trends high school English chart
 
Ohio students proficiency trends high school Math (Algebra/Geometry) chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, State Report Card (SY 2018-19). Note: These proficiency rates do not include the results of students retaking an end-of-course exam. A large majority of students take Algebra I and Geometry exams, with about one in ten taking the state's Integrated Math I and II exams instead.

Proficiency on All State Exams Roughly 50 to 70 percent of Ohio students reach proficiency or above on the various state exams. Proficiency rates on state exams have generally risen over the past four years.

Ohio student proficiency on all state exams math and english grades 3 through 8 and high school table

Source: Ohio Department of Education, State Report Card (SY 2018-19). Note: EOC proficiency rates do not include the results of students retaking an exam. A large majority of students take Algebra I and Geometry EOCs, with about one in ten taking the state's Integrated Math I and II exams instead.

Post-Secondary Readiness
and Outcomes
College Readiness - Photo of ohio students in school setting

ACT Scores Over Time Ohio's average ACT composite score is below the national average. The decline in the state's ACT score starting with the graduating class of 2018 occurred as all high school juniors now take a college admissions exam.

Ohio students college readiness ACT scores over time chart

Source: ACT, The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2019: Ohio Key Findings; for historical data, see, e.g., ACT, Graduation Class of 2014—Ohio. Note: This chart displays the average ACT composite score across the four tested subjects (English, math, reading, and science) for the graduating classes of 2005 to 2019. Practically all Ohio students in the classes of 2018 and 2019 took the ACT exams, while about two in three had done so in previous years. Composite scores are reported on a scale of 0 to 36. To put ACT scores in context, admitted freshman at The Ohio State University typically score between 28 and 32.

Average ACT Scores by Race/Ethnicity Gaps in average ACT scores exist between racial/ethnic groups; disparities have not narrowed significantly over the past decade.

Ohio students college readiness average ACT scores by race/ethnicity chart

Source: ACT, The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2019: Ohio Key Findings; for historical data, see, e.g., ACT, Profile Report: Graduation Class of 2014—Ohio. Note: ACT reports data for several smaller race/ethnic subgroups but they are omitted from this chart for display purposes.

ACT Exam: College Readiness of the Class of 2019 College readiness varies by ACT content area—from 33 percent in science to 53 percent in English. Just 23 percent of Ohio students reach college ready benchmarks in all four areas of the ACT.

Ohio students college readiness class of 2019

Source: ACT, The Condition of College & Career Readiness 2019: Ohio Key Findings. Note: ACT establishes minimum test scores in each subject that indicate readiness for college coursework in that area. For more on the college-ready benchmarks, see ACT, What are the ACT College Readiness Benchmarks?

Industry Credentials Earned Just 5 percent of Ohio students earn industry-recognized credentials before graduating. Students from rural schools have the highest rates of credentials earned (9 percent), while those from suburban schools have the lowest (4 percent).

Ohio students industry credentials earned before graduation by typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2018-19). Note: The rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students earning 12 or more points in Ohio's industry credentialing system; for more, see ODE, Industry Recognized Credentials. Data are from the classes of 2017 and 2018, including non-graduates. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in these cohorts in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Advanced Placement (AP) Scores 14 percent of Ohio students graduate having earned a passing score on an AP exam. 31 percent of students from suburban schools earn a passing AP score, while only 3 percent of rural students do so.

Ohio students college readiness advanced placement (AP) scores typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2018-19). Note: The rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students earning a score of at least 3 out of 5 possible points on one or more AP exams. Data are from the classes of 2017 and 2018, including non-graduates. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in these cohorts in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Dual Enrollment Credit 22 percent of Ohio students earn college credit through dual enrollment programs. Rural students have the highest rate of earning dual enrollment credits (28 percent), while urban students have the lowest (16 percent).

Ohio students dual enrollment college credits earned chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2018-19). Note: The rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students earning 3 or more college credits through a dual high school/college enrollment program. Data are from the classes of 2017 and 2018, including non-graduates. For more on Ohio's dual-enrollment program, see ODE, College Credit Plus. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in these cohorts in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Four-Year High School Graduation Rates 85 percent of Ohio students graduate high school in four years. Graduation rates exceed 90 percent in much of the state, with lower rates in urban schools.

Ohio students four year high school graduation rates chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data (SY 2018-19). Note: The graduation rates in this chart indicate the percentage of students in the class of 2018 who earned a high school diploma within four years of entering ninth grade. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in the class of 2018 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

College Remediation Rates 27 percent of incoming college students require remedial coursework in either English or math. Remediation rates are highest among graduates of Ohio's urban schools (43 percent) and lowest among graduates of suburban schools (21 percent).

Ohio students college remediation rates by typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Higher Education, High School to College Transition Reports: 2018 High School Graduates. Note: Data are for public school students from the graduating class of 2018 who enrolled in an Ohio two or four year public college or university in fall 2018. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of college-going students in the class of 2018 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

College Remediation Rates by Subject Remediation rates are higher in math (23 percent statewide) than in English (11 percent). Graduates of urban schools have higher remediation rates in both subjects than their peers.

Ohio students college remediation rates by english chart
 
Ohio students college remediation rates by math chart

Source: Ohio Department of Higher Education, High School to College Transition Reports: 2018 High School Graduates. Note: Data are for public school students from the graduating class of 2018 who enrolled in an Ohio two or four year public college or university in fall 2018. The typology averages are weighted by the number of college-going students in the class of 2018 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

College Enrollment Rates 56 percent of Ohio students enroll in two or four year colleges or universities after high school. Enrollment is highest among students from suburban areas (73 percent) and lower in other regions.

Ohio students college enrollment rates

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data. Note: The chart displays the percent of the high school graduating class of 2016 (including non-graduates) that enrolled in a two- or four-year college or university within two years of high school. Post-secondary enrollment data are from the National Student Clearinghouse and include non-Ohio colleges; for more, see ODE, College Enrollment within Two Years. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in the class of 2016 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

College Completion Rates 31 percent of Ohio students attain at least an Associate's degree within six years of leaving high school. College completion rates are highest among students who attended high school in suburban areas (46 percent), with lower rates among students from urban communities (15 percent).

Ohio students college completion rates chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), School Report Cards: Download Data. Note: Data display the percent of the high school class of 2012 (including non-graduates) who earned at least an Associate's degree within six years of high school. Post-secondary enrollment data are from the National Student Clearinghouse and include non-Ohio colleges; for more, see ODE, College Graduation within Six Years. This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by the number of students in the class of 2012 in each district, charter, or STEM school.

Ohio’s
Educators
Ohio's Educators - Photo of teacher and students in classroom setting

Public School Teachers Ohio public schools employ just over 100,000 teachers, equivalent to roughly 16 students per teacher.

Ohio educators number of teachers by year 2006 - 2019 chart
 
Ohio educators number of students per teacher 2006 - 2019 chart

Source: Historical teacher data from 2005-16 through 2016-17 were retrieved via Ohio Department of Education (ODE), Advanced Reports. ODE does not currently report teacher data via Advanced Reports, so 2017-18 and 2018-19 data are calculated based on teacher counts summed across all Ohio schools as reported in ODE, Download Data. Note: The number of students per teacher is calculated based on student enrollment counts reported in the Student Enrollment section.

Characteristics of Ohio Teachers About three in four teachers are female, and an overwhelming majority are white. Almost all teachers hold a Bachelor's degree or higher.

Ohio educators characteristics of teachers table

Source: Data were retrieved via Ohio Department of Education (ODE), Advanced Reports (SY 2016-17, last accessed in 2018). Note: ODE does not currently report teacher data via Advanced Reports, so teacher demographics and comparable educational attainment data are not available for SYs 2017-18 and 2018-19.

Teacher Salaries On average, public school teachers in Ohio earn about $60,000 per year. Teachers in suburban schools typically earn more than their peers in other areas.

Ohio educators teacher salaries by typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (FY 2019). Note: This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by district enrollment in SY 2018-19; charter school data are not included in this figure.

Administrator Salaries Ohio public schools employ approximately 12,000 administrators, including superintendents, treasurers, and principals. On average, they earn about $80,000 per year; administrators in suburban schools typically earn more than their counterparts in other areas.

Ohio educators school administrator salaries by typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (FY 2019). Note: This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology averages are weighted by district enrollment in SY 2018-19; charter school data are not included in this figure.

School
Funding
School Funding - Photo student in classroom

How Ohio Funds Public Schools Ohio schools receive approximately $24 billion per year from various sources. State funds provide 43 percent of total school revenues, while local taxes provide 42 percent. Federal and other non-tax sources provide the rest.

Ohio school funding how Ohio funds public schools pie chart

Source: The total amount of funding for Ohio public schools is from U.S. Department of Education, Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2015-16 (Fiscal Year 2016), Table 1. The breakdown of revenue by source is from the Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (FY 2019). Note: Other non-tax revenue includes sales of assets, fees, and investment income.

How Ohio Funds Public Schools: Trend Over Time The state share of school funding has remained largely consistent over the past fifteen years, between 42 and 45 percent of total funding. The decline in the local share of funding between 2012 and 2013 is due to changes that now report other non-tax revenues separately. Since 2013, the local share has been between 41 and 43 percent of overall funding.

How Ohio funds public schools - trends over time chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), District Profile Reports (FY 2006 to 2019). Note: Prior to FY 2013, ODE did not report any revenue as “other non-tax,” a category that includes sales of assets, fees, and investment income. Previously, most of those types of revenues were reported as local funds, though some other non-tax revenues were not previously reported.

How Funds Are Spent Roughly 60 percent of education funding is spent on classroom instruction. The remainder supports administration, building operations, and other activities.

Ohio school funding - how funds are spent pie chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education (ODE), District Profile Reports (FY 2019). Note: The ODE expenditure data used for this chart do not include capital expenditures (e.g., construction or interest on debt).

Expenditure Per Pupil On average, Ohio schools spend $12,472 per pupil in operational expenditures. Urban districts have the highest per pupil expenditures ($14,377), while small town districts spend the least ($11,044 per pupil).

Ohio school expenditures per pupil typology chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (FY 2019). Note: This chart combines data across similar typologies (e.g., urban: very high poverty and urban: high poverty). The typology average per-pupil expenditures are weighted by district enrollment in SY 2018-19. Charter schools are not included in these data, except for a few “conversion” charters (i.e., schools created by districts). The expenditure data used for this chart do not include capital expenditures (e.g., construction or interest on debt).

Expenditure Per Pupil Compared to Nearby States Ohio spends slightly more than the national average and more than several neighboring states, but spending in Ohio is below states such as Pennsylvania and Illinois.

Ohio schools expenditures per pupil compared to nearby states chart

Source: U.S. Department of Education (USDOE), Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2015-16 (Fiscal Year 2016), Table 5. Note: The chart displays operational expenditures per pupil (excluding capital expenses such as construction and interest on debt). The data are from 2015-16, the most recently published national statistics. Due to potential differences in reporting, USDOE and ODE funding data (as reflected in other tables) may not be the same.

Public School Expenditures Over Time Statewide, inflation-adjusted expenditures per pupil have remained consistent over the past decade, with spending largely between $11,500 and $12,500 per pupil. In 2019, school spending ($12,472 per pupil) was at its highest point during the period displayed below.

Ohio school expenditures over time chart

Source: Ohio Department of Education, District Profile Reports (FY 2006 to 2019). Note: For FYs 2006 to 2018, statewide expenditures per pupil are inflation-adjusted to 2019 dollars, using the Bureau of Labor Statistics CPI Inflation Calculator.

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